The following is a column I wrote that was originally published in the SNITCH weekly newspaper on December 17, 2004. I post it here in honor of 2010 being the first year that Social Security will pay out more than it will take in. Unfortunately, I’m now closer to “50-ish” and more worried about social security than ever!
Young Americans should take stock in Social Security
Who do you trust more with your money, yourself or the government?
“Myself, of course!” Right? Be careful. Are you really saving as much for your retirement as you should? If you had a big retirement account already, could you resist dipping into it for that new sports car or that cruise you’ve always dreamed about?
Where would you rather see your Social Security money invested? In the stock market, which has averaged double-digit returns over the long haul, or in low, single-digit-returning government bonds?
Before you go for the Dow Jones gusto, remember one name: “Enron.” One day, its employees are sitting on pots of the company’s golden stock. The next day, greedy executives’ accounting games are revealed and, to quote Willy Wonka, “You get nothing! You lose! Good day, sir!” Who in their right mind would bet their future Social Security checks on the stock market?
These two questions represent the biggest arguments by those opposed to the “privatization” of Social Security. They argue that, if left to their own self-discipline and to an unreliable stock market, too many people would end up with no money in their “senior” years. We wouldn’t save enough or be careful enough with what we saved.
And then there’s one other little problem. If you let current taxpayers keep their Social Security taxes by putting them into private accounts, who’s going to fund all of the checks now going to current retirees? Some estimates of this “transition cost” are upwards of $1 trillion. That’s almost $3,400 for each man, woman and child in the country.
Unfortunately, not changing Social Security isn’t an option. The program’s trustee’s predict, less than 15 years from now, more money will start flowing out of Social Security to retirees than what’s coming in from taxpayers. Michael Tanner, author of “Social Security and Its Discontents”, puts it this way: By 2030, this deficit will exceed the budgets for Head Start, Veterans Affairs and the Departments of Education, Commerce, Interior, Energy and Housing and Urban Development combined.
For people my age (40 “ish,” thank you very much) and younger, this fear gets personal. We’re afraid the feds will “Enron” what we’ve put in: “You get nothing! Social Security is out of money! Good day, sir!” Even if there’s money left, the common expectation is we’ll get a lot less back than we put in.
That’s a big reason why the idea of private Social Security accounts is gaining steam. Even if you can’t get your hands on it, seeing your own money go into your own account and then watching it grow in your own name is much more comforting than being at the mercy of the government.
Perhaps there’s a compromise. The Cato Institute’s Project on Social Security Choice, of which Michael Tanner is the director, has proposed a 50/50 solution. Of the 12.4 percent in payroll taxes we all pay, just treat half of it (6.2 percent) as what it really is anyway: a tax to keep funding the current program. For the other half, give people a choice: stay in the current system or put that 6.2 percent into a private account.
If you choose the latter, you get a “recognition bond” you can redeem when you reach retirement age to reward you for what you’ve paid into Social Security thus far. But, that’s it. You would stop building up future benefits when you opted for the private account option.
From then on, your other 6.2 percent could be invested in carefully selected and well-diversified securities. You wouldn’t be able to sink all your money into the next Microsoft — or the next Enron. You also wouldn’t be able to get your hands on it before retirement, nor would you be able to get all of it upon your retirement so you could blow it all. Instead, you would be required to leave at least enough in the account to provide a certain minimum income.
Lastly, there’s also the admittedly emotional benefit of making more people feel as though they have some control of their own fate. They could then see themselves as “investors,” just like “rich people.” Instead of, “Boy, if Social Security isn’t around, I’m screwed,” it could be, “I may be struggling now, but at least some of what I used to pay in straight taxes is now growing in my name, for my future.
Even Bill Clinton was honest enough to point out that there are only three options for Social Security reform: raising taxes, cutting benefits or investing privately. I’ll take my chances with what’s behind door number three, Bill.
RUSS MANEY is a former columnist for Louisville Business First and Louisville SNITCH. Please use the ‘Comment’ feature on this blog to comment on this article. Or, if you prefer, send your comments to me at firstname.lastname@example.org, but know that I may then post them on this blog.